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Not everyone is aware, but colorectal cancer is one of the few types of cancer that can be treated when detected early. But like most cancers, the symptoms are so subtle that the condition is often ignored until the disease has progressed.

Look out for the symptoms of colorectal cancer.
The symptoms of colorectal cancer will resemble other diseases of the bowel such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis. Some patients do not even notice that their constipation or diarrhea is a symptom. As the disease progresses, however, the symptoms become more severe and persistent and it becomes difficult to determine if you have colorectal cancer when you already have an existing bowel disease.

Some symptoms of colorectal cancer include diarrhea, constipation, changes in shape and size of the stool, bloody stool, inability to empty the bowel completely, rectal pain, abdominal pain, stomach cramps or gas pains, changes in appetite, sudden weight loss, feeling full or bloated, and fatigue.When the cell lining of the large intestine develops cancer, it causes blockages and results in bloody stool.

Get to know the function of the colon and the rectum.
Colorectal cancer, sometimes called colon cancer, affects the colon or the rectum. The colon is part of your large intestine, while the rectum is a passageway that connects the anus to the colon. The rectum is the last part of the large intestine, which is only 15 cm long, and its location makes it highly likely to spread the cancer cells to other organs. Taking care of your large intestine through healthy diet and lifestyle can lower the risk of having colorectal cancer.

Get diagnosed when you feel the symptoms.
If your family has a history of any type of cancer or you have a history of ulcerative colitis and inflammatory bowel disease, you should be screened annually because you’re at risk of developing the disease than most people. Most cases of colon cancer start off as abnormal growths inside the colon or rectum called polyps. These should be removed to prevent them from becoming cancerous.

Most people affected by this cancer are aged 50 years and above, although are cases among young adults who have inherited conditions such as non-polyposis and familial adenomatous polyposis. Among the male patients in Singapore who suffer from cancer, colorectal cancer is the most common form, while it is only second to breast cancer among female cancer patients.

Several screening methods are used to diagnose colorectal cancer such as rectal examination, sigmoidoscope/colonoscope exam, and barium enema.

Know the available treatments for colorectal cancer.
Sometimes when the cancer cells spread from the colon to the lymph nodes near it, treatments are quite successful in hospitals in Singapore through surgery and chemotherapy. Treatment becomes difficult, however, if the cancer cells have spread to the other organs.

Surgery, such as the removal of the fat, lymph glands, and the cancer, is the first form of treatment. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy might also be recommended.

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  • What are Rashes?

    The name rashes describe an area of swollen or irritated skin, but the causes of these can vary. Rashes are not only swollen or irritated, but they are also itchy, painful, produce small bumps and patches or blisters.

    Causes of Rashes
    There are various causes of rashes, most of which are skin irritants that the person has come into contact with, and which must be treated differently. Whenever you hear the name rash, it’s just the term for one of the symptoms and not the condition itself. Rashes can be a symptom of various medical conditions such as hives, eczema, poison ivy, and other bacterial, fungal, viral, and parasitic infections.

    Below are listed some of the most common causes of rashes.

    • Non-Infectious Causes: drug allergies, contact allergic dermatitis, food allergies, eczema, irritant dermatitis, autoimmune problems, amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, lichen planus
    • Bacterial Causes: Staphylococcus infections, Streptococcus infections, Pseudomonas, Lyme disease, syphilis
    • Parasitic Causes: scabies and lice infestation
    • Viral Causes: Herpes simplex viruses, Herpes zoster, HIV, Epstein-Barr virus, measles, roseola, parvovirus and enteroviruses, Erythema multiforme, dengue fever, Ebola virus, West Nile virus, Zika virus
    • Fungal Causes: Trichophyton, Candida, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, aspergillosis

    What are the Symptoms?
    The symptoms and the severity will also vary depending on the cause and the location of the rashes on the body. Watch out for the following: scaling, ulceration, blistering, discoloration, itching, and bumps on the skin. Diaper rash for example can be caused by the urine and feces in the diapers that are left too long. Contact dermatitis, another common cause of rashes, is caused by contact to an allergen or irritant. Medications can also cause rashes as a side-effect, especially antibiotics, or the appearance of itchy hives with red bumps. Heat rash is also common especially during hot days. The rashes will look like small blisters clustered together and usually appear on the neck, chest, groin, and elbows.

    How are Rashes Treated?
    Fortunately, most non-infectious rashes will go away after a while when the person is no longer exposed to the irritant or allergen that caused it. However, the doctor can also recommend over-the-counter medications that should be effective within a week, such as moisturizers, antihistamines, hydroxyzine, diphenhydramine, and hydrocortisone cream.

    For fungal rashes, the person must be given antifungal creams, but severe symptoms will need terbinafine, miconazole or clotrimazole. For bacterial, viral, and parasitic causes, the cause must be addressed to reduce the appearance of the rashes.

    Heat rashes can be treated by keeping the affected area cool, dry, and away from friction from clothing. Lotions, creams, ointments, and powders are not recommended because they can block the pores and worsen the rashes. For diaper rashes on the other hand, parents must make sure to change the diapers regularly, keep the affected area always dry and clean, and to use pediatrician-recommended barrier creams and pastes with zinc. However, you should avoid baby powder and products with fragrances and other irritants.

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    Once a bone is fractured or broken, all the systems of our body aids in repairing it – cells and tissues multiply, hormones are released and antioxidants and amino acids come into play. Although healing a fractured or a broken bone often takes a lot of time and energy, doing these natural ways will definitely help in speeding up the recovery of a broken bone.

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    1. Consume More Calcium-Rich Food

    Increasing your calcium intake through eating more dairy products and green leafy vegetables is one way of speeding up the recovery process of your broken bone. Some studies have shown, however, that in order to benefit from calcium-rich foods, you also need to consume a hefty amount of foods rich in magnesium. So make sure that you include a good amount of fermented dairy products and leafy greens like spinach and cabbage to your diet.

    1. Incorporate Mineral-Rich Food to Your Diet

    Other than calcium, our bones are made up of 70 percent minerals, which is why increasing your mineral intake is crucial to quickly heal your broken bone. So make sure that you consume a healthy diet loaded with lean meats, fresh fruits and vegetables and other foods rich in calcium to speed up the recovery process of your bones.

    1. Increase Your Caloric Intake

    A study done by a group of health experts in Singapore revealed that the recovery period of a broken bone can be sped up by increasing your daily caloric consumption thrice as your normal intake. Your metabolism works overtime to repair your bones, so it’d be beneficial to up your calorie consumption to 6,000 calories each day. Making sure that your body is loaded with these calories will surely help in speeding up your healing process.

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    1. Exercise Regularly

    Aside from indulging on a healthy diet, exercising regularly also helps in enhancing the healing process of your bone through regeneration. Working out restores the structural strength of your bone once it’s fully healed. It also promotes better blood circulation, which aids in replenishing the nutrients into the area of the broken bone. Just remember though, that exercises should only be performed in the surrounding joints to avoid further damaging your bone.

    1. Apply Essential Oils

    Applying essential oils like fir needle, helichrysum and cypress regularly also aids in quickly healing a broken bone. Helichrysum repairs the damaged nerve cell tissues, while cypress improves circulation and fir needle speeds up bone repair.

    Quickly recovering from a broken bone can be made possible if you just consume the right food and perform the right exercises. So make sure that you put these tips to work so you could a faster recovery from a broken bone.

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    Cucumber water is definitely one drink you’ll want to consider the next time you feel thirsty. Not only will it quench your thirst, drinking a few glasses of it will definitely help in making you look and feel better. With that in mind, we rounded up some other reasons why you’d want to have this refreshing drink as an alternative to your daily glass of water.

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    1. Lowers Heart Disease Risk

    Cardiac disease is considered as one of the principal causes of death in Singapore. Fortunately, you can now reduce your chances of developing the said disease through exercising regularly, going on a healthy diet and drinking a glass of cucumber water regularly. Several studies show that cucumber water aids in reducing high blood pressure by assisting the kidney in flushing out the extra sodium in the body, thus reducing your risk of experiencing heart disease.

    1. Reduces Risk of Developing Cancer

    Although it won’t be able to lower your cancer risk on its own, drinking cucumber water regularly will provide your body with the essential minerals, vitamins and fibre necessary to keep your body healthy. A research even showed that the said drink is rich in antioxidants and compounds like lignans and cucurbitacins, which aids in fending off cancer development.

    1. Prevents Mineral and Vitamin Deficiencies

    Despite knowing that they are not good sources of minerals and vitamins, we still tend to incorporate an excessive amount of processed food in our diet. This is the reason why vitamin and mineral deficiencies are more common than we think – and it even leads to problems like bone and muscle weakness, fatigue and a depressed immune system. Fortunately, cucumber is a great source of nutrients like manganese and vitamins A and C, which may help in making up for the deficiencies in your diet.

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    1. Aids in Weight Loss

    Anyone who’s been on a diet knows how hard it is to shed those extra pounds. The good thing is, cucumber water is here to help. Drinking it regularly will aid in curbing your appetite and cutting down calories without experiencing any hunger pains. Moreover, cucumber water also promotes a reduced calorie intake when consumed as an alternative for juices, sodas and other sugary beverages.

    1. Detoxifies the Body

    Our bodies are exposed to a lot of toxins every day, and these toxins can build up in our system and take a toll on our health in the long run. By putting cucumber water’s high fibre and high water content to good use, however, you’ll be able to easily flush the harmful chemicals off and detoxify your body.

    There are a lot of quick and easy ways on how you can improve your health – and drinking cucumber water is one of those. So choose from any of the healthful variations of these classic health drink now and enjoy the benefits you’ll reap from indulging on it.

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    Reaching for a cup of chai tea or coffee may be your main motivation to get out of bed every morning, but health experts explain that it shouldn’t always be that way. While it can ease your grogginess at work, taking too much caffeine may actually cause anxiety, headaches, irritability and sleep disturbance. Fortunately, there are other ways to wake yourself up minus the caffeine crash waiting to happen later in the day – and those ways are as follows:

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    1. Set a Consistent Sleeping Schedule

    If you sleep and wake up at different times every day, then your body won’t know what to expect. While it’s tempting to sleep late during weekends, try not to sleep much later than normal. Come Monday morning, your body will thank you for it.

    1. Wake Up at the Right Time

    Ever wondered why it still feels so jarring every time our alarm wakes us up in the morning? It’s because your alarm doesn’t know your sleep cycle. There are various sleeping and fitness apps on the market that are designed to monitor your sleep cycle and will gently wake you up with a quiet alarm when you’re at the best waking time of your cycle.

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    1. Exercise for a Few Minutes

    Working out has long been a proven way to boost your energy and you’ll get the most of its benefits by doing it on mornings. Not only will force you to shake off the groggy feeling, you’ll also get to cross out your workout plan for the day. If you couldn’t bear the idea of hitting the gym early in the morning, try exercising at home using some online workouts.

    1. Enjoy a Well-Balanced Breakfast

    You’ve probably heard it countless times but we’ll say it again: Breakfast is the most important meal of the day. Eating a well-rounded breakfast will give you the energy you need to start off your day. So choose a breakfast with complex carbs, protein and healthy fats to keep you full and energized up until lunch.

    1. Breathe in Some Fresh Air

    Rushing straight from bed to work is what will make you feel tired all morning. To keep this from happening, make sure that you spend a few minutes outside to enjoy the fresh air. Some studies show being around nature and spending time in fresh air increases energy in 90 percent of people.

    Waking your senses in the morning is actually pretty easy – even without drinking a cup of coffee. Just put these tips to work every morning and you’ll surely be able to stay awake throughout the day.

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