Fishing is a good pastime to get into as a way to relax and get in touch with friends, and since Singapore is home to a wide variety of freshwater and saltwater fish, it’s a great way to get acquainted with the different bounties that nature has to offer.

Whether it’s a carp, barracuda, or simply a catfish, there’s definitely something you can catch if you cast your line in the right at the right time.

Before you decide to go into fishing, there are a few terms that you need to know to be familiar with the hobby as a whole. Here are some of the essentials to get you started:

• Bag Limit – How much you’re allowed to catch at a given time, usually a daily basis. This is to allow the population to replenish itself and prevent overfishing.

• Bait – Anything used to attract or entice fish to the hook.

• Bait-casting – Fishing using a spool reed mounted on the topside of a rod specific for casting bait. In Singapore, only artificial bait is allowed to preserve the water quality.

• Blind-cast – Casting your line in no particular area, which does little to increase your chances in catching fish.

• Bottom Feeder – Refers to fish that feed at the bottom of riverbeds, such as carp and catfish.

• Brackish – Mostly freshwater with a bit of saltwater mixed to it. Areas with brackish water can support both freshwater and saltwater fish.

• Catch-and-Release – A conservation practice where the angler unhooks and returns the fish to the water rather than keep it. This is encouraged by the angling community as it helps maintain the ecosystem.

• Catch-and-Keep – Also called “catch-and-kill”, where you take home your prize instead of releasing it back to the water. Typically, you want to keep only the fish that are abundant or harm the freshwater ecosystem.

• Channel – A riverbed or streambed. Bottom-feeding fish usually spend most of their lives here.

• Tackle – Refers to any fishing equipment in general

With more reservoirs and bodies of water being recently made open to the public, now is the perfect time to start getting into the hobby.

If you’ve always wanted to find something that doesn’t take too much energy while still being able to enjoy nature and fresh air (the perfect formula to unwind if you’re feeling lazy during the weekend), then fishing is the perfect thing for you to get started on.

The best part about angling is that anyone can do it. All you really need is a good fishing line, artificial bait, and the free time. With a little practice, you can even get something big on your hook!

(Disclaimer: this list is compiled in no particular order.)